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Feeding Tips for a Healthy and Happy Dog

Diet tips for dogs

Feeding your dog’s proper nutrition and a well-balanced diet is certainly one of the most essential responsibilities of being a dog owner. Having so many choices – among commercial dog foods, homemade meals, raw diets, and others – it may feel like a juggling act to find the best food to feed your dog. This is the point where this extensive guide is useful!

We will cover everything from your dog’s particular dietary needs to the advantages and disadvantages of various feeding approaches. What should you choose? What should you completely avoid at all costs?

Whether you’re looking for information on portion sizes and nutritional requirements, or want to know about allergens and harmful ingredients, we’ve got you covered. So, without further delay let’s move on to the article!

Knowing Your Dog’s Nutritional Requirements

Feeding dog guide

Before getting into the specifics of food, it is imperative to have an overall idea of the basic nutritional needs of your dog. Similarly to us, dogs require a balanced diet that is made of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water- this forms the core of diet tips for dogs. Nonetheless, their dietary habits have several differences from ours.

Proteins: Dogs are carnivore-like animals by nature, and thus, protein should form the main constituent of their diet. Proteins are used in muscles, skin, and immune system to create a strong and healthy structure. Typical protein sources for dogs are meat, poultry, fish, and eggs.

Carbohydrates: Dogs do not necessarily need as many carbohydrates as humans do, but they still need a modest amount- for energy and fiber. Whole grains, veggies, and fruits can be a good source of healthy carbs for your dog.

Fats: Fats are beneficial in providing energy, enhancing nutrient absorption, and improving the appearance of the skin and the coat. Nevertheless, it is necessary to provide appropriate fats in your dog’s diet which can be obtained from fish oils, plant oils, and animal fats.

Vitamins and Minerals: These essential micronutrients have critical roles in many body functions, such as bone development, immune system functioning, and metabolism. Make sure your dog’s diet contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals to sustain his health.

Best food to feed your dog

Water: As with all living organisms, dogs also require constant availability of clean, fresh water. Proper hydration is a crucial factor for their overall health and quality of life. Use our Dog Water Intake Calculator to estimate your pup’s daily water needs.

It should be highlighted that a dog’s nutrition needs can change depending on age, breed, activity level, and any existing health issues. For example, high-energy breeds like Labrador Retrievers may require more calories, while smaller breeds like Pembroke Welsh Corgis may need fewer. Consulting a veterinarian or a qualified pet nutritionist can help you find out your pet’s dietary needs.

Commercial Dog Food: Decoding The Labels

To many pet owners, commercial dog food remains the most popular choice among owners who are looking for a convenient way to get a well-balanced meal for their pets. On the other hand, choosing out of so many available ones can be challenging.

When selecting a commercial dog food, you have to understand labels and ingredients first to make sure you are giving your dog the highest quality nutrition.

AAFCO Statements: Search for the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) declaration on the label. This guarantees that the food is nutritious enough for your dog and meets the requirements for the pet’s life stage (e.g., puppy, adult, senior).

How much to feed a dog

Ingredients List: The ingredients are listed in descending order by weight, with the first few elements being the most dominant. Go for foods which are rich in protein but of premium quality (e.g., meat, poultry, or fish) appearing as the first few ingredients.

Nutrient Analysis: Take a look at the guaranteed analysis section to see the minimum percentages of crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, and moisture. It is important to make sure that those values match your individual dog’s nutritional needs.

Life Stage and Breed Considerations: Select a dog food with its formulation adjusted to meet life stage (puppy, adult, or senior) and breed size (large, medium, or small) requirements (e.g., large-breed, small-breed). These formulas are just designed to fulfill the specific nutritional needs of each dog.

Special Dietary Needs: For instance, if your dog has specific dietary requirements like a sensitive stomach or allergies or so (e.g., issues with weight management, sensitive stomach, or certain health conditions), try to select formulas that target those specific requirements.

Commercial dog food can indeed be convenient and nutritious as well; however, it’s vital to take time and read labels carefully before selecting the right brand.

Homemade Meals

Best time to feed dog

Although commercial dog food provides convenience and balanced nutrition, some pet parents prefer to cook for their dogs. Homemade diets provide complete control over the ingredients and you can be sure that your pet is getting fresh, whole foods. Nevertheless, one should take into account both the benefits and the drawbacks of this method.


Ingredient Control: You have the power to choose the quality and source of ingredients your dog will eat directly from your kitchen, thus guaranteeing only the freshest and most nutritious foods will be consumed by your pet.

Customization: Home-cooked diets can be customized to your dog’s particular dietary requirements, likes, and dislikes, and potential allergies or sensitivities.

Variety: By offering different flavors, textures, and nutritive values, you can create an interesting and rich diet for your dog, thus preventing mealtime boredom and ensuring that he is getting a well-balanced diet.


Can I feed cat food to a dog

Nutritional Imbalances: It can be difficult to balance and complete a diet that meets the specific needs of dogs, as they have different nutritional requirements than what is generally present in homemade food.

Time and Effort: Making meals from scratch is time-consuming and takes a lot of effort, especially when you have to take care of numerous dogs or you have a tight schedule.

Cost: The cost of home-made food can vary depending on the components you choose, even becoming more expensive than commercial dog foods, especially if you are looking for premium or organic ingredients.

If you are making a homemade dog diet, it is essential to first visit your vet or a qualified pet nutritionist and ask for advice. They can help you come up with a balanced and full diet plan that is tailored to your dog’s dietary needs and keeps them in excellent form.

The Wet vs. Dry vs. Raw foods: Which One Is Better?

Many pet owners will face the question of whether to give their dogs wet, dry, or raw food. Every alternative has its benefits and drawbacks. Therefore, the best choice for your dog depends on his/her food preferences, and dietary needs.

What Not to Feed Your Dog

Dry Kibble

A kibble, or dry pet food, is created by the extrusion process followed by drying, to remove most of the water, leaving the product crunchy to the touch. It usually has below 10% moisture content. Kibble is a mixture of ingredients that include grains, meat or meat by-products, fats, vitamins, and minerals.

Pros: Convenient, easy to store, help with cleaning teeth, usually more cost-effective

Cons: May not always be juicy and appealing in taste, there can be some nutrient loss during processing, and some formulas may comprise low-quality ingredients.

Wet (Canned or Pouched) Food

Speaking of wet food, which is also called canned food or tinned food, refers to a type of pet food that has a high moisture content, usually around 75% or even more. It is processed by high temperature and then sealed in cans or pouches to retain the shelf life. Wet food is usually much more appealing to animals because of its odor, texture, and taste.

Dog’s Nutritional Requirements

Pros: Higher moisture content is helpful for dogs who suffer from urinary difficulties, more pleasant and attractive to many dogs like Pugs and French Bulldogs, as well as the protein level is generally higher.

Cons: The price tag of wet food is higher compared to dry kibble and it also has a shorter shelf life after opening. Additionally, it may lead to dental problems if not combined with dry food.

Raw Diet

The raw food diet, commonly referred to as the BARF (Biologically Appropriate Raw Food) diet or a prey model diet, is a feeding style that consists of raw, uncooked meat, bones, organs, and sometimes vegetables and supplements.

Pros: Mimics a dog’s natural ancestral diet, minimal processing can help to retain more nutrients, and can be customized to suit specific needs.

Cons: The risk of bacterial contamination is increased, necessitates proper handling and storage, and may be expensive and time-consuming.

Must-Know Feeding Tips

The best solution for each kind of food varies because every kind of food has its pluses and minuses. Many people who have pets prefer an inclusion of wet and dry food to deliver the variety and balance the amount of moisture. Raw diet has gained popularity among the owners recently, but they might not be safe for all dogs, especially for those with compromised immune systems.

What Not to Feed Your Dog

Even though there are many safe and nutritious choices for feeding your dog, certain types of foods can be dangerous or even toxic. Here are some common foods to avoid:

Chocolate: Chocolate is rich in theobromine, a substance that can be harmful to dogs, which induces vomiting, diarrhea, and even seizures in severe cases.

Onions and garlic: The tasty Ingredients may cause their red blood cells to be damaged, and that will result in anemia.

Xylitol: This artificial sweetener found in many sugar-free products may cause an unbearable drop in blood sugar levels and liver failure in dogs.

Grapes and raisins: Despite the specific root cause being unknown, the consumption of these fruits can cause a dog to develop kidney failure.

Alcohol and caffeine: Similar to humans, dogs can also be in danger from these substances which can lead to sleepiness, fast breathing, and even seizures.

It’s always advisable to play it safe and seek your veterinarian’s advice or reliable sources before feeding the dog with new foods.

Decoding The Labels of dog food

Portion Control

One of the most common concerns for pet owners is, “How much to feed a dog?” Overfeeding or underfeeding may contribute to some health issues, so it’s crucial to get the correct amounts.

Factors to Consider

Age: Puppies have a higher energy demand and they require more frequent feeding than adult dogs. Similarly, senior dogs might not need much food because they have less energy to burn compared to their younger counterparts.

Breed and Size: Larger breeds of dogs usually consume a greater amount of food than smaller breeds because the former’s metabolism and energy requirements are much higher than that of the latter. For example, large breeds like Great Danes go through a slower growth process and require food that is designed to slow down their growth, while small breeds burn up energy rapidly and need food with high-calorie density.

Activity Level: A working dog who is active and has a higher caloric burn rate will need more food than a pet dog who is not active.

Spayed/Neutered Status: Spayed or neutered dogs may consume less calorie content or have lower metabolism levels to prevent gaining extra weight.

Health Conditions: Some diseases, for example, diabetes or kidney disorders, do require specific dietary adjustments.

Homemade dog food

Calculating Caloric Needs

To decide on the adequate portions for your dog, start by consulting with the vet or a pet nutritionist. They will assist you in the determination of your dog’s daily caloric requirements that depend on the dog’s weight, age, and activity level among others.

Just as a standard, an average adult dog would require approximately 20 to 30 calories per pound of body weight per day. Nevertheless, It will depend on the factors stated above to a very large extent.

Use our Dog Calorie Calculator to determine the optimal caloric intake for your pet based on their age, weight, and activity level.

Feeding Schedules

If you have already defined the daily caloric needs, you can divide the desired intake into several meals during the day. Usually, the best time to feed dog is with two meals per day, 8-12 hours apart for most healthy adult dogs. Although small and big dogs can be fed in small and less frequent intervals, puppies, and senior dogs may benefit from smaller and more frequent meals.

How Much Should You Feed Your Dog

It’s worth it to note that dog weight and body condition must be monitored regularly to ensure that your dog’s portion sizes are adjusted appropriately. In case your dog is gaining or losing weight without any reason, be sure to seek professional advice from your vet so that the diet plan can be revised accordingly.

Choosing the Right Bowl

Choosing the appropriate bowl for your dog may appear as an insignificant detail, but it can dramatically change their feeding experience and quality of life. Think about the size of your dog, its breed, and its eating habits when picking a bowl.

For dogs that are of large sizes or those that eat too fast, go for the weighted or non-skid bowl to prevent it from shifting or sliding while the dog is eating. Bowls with mazes or raised patterns work well when the dog is a fast eater. Thus, they help the dog to eat slowly and aid digestion.

Stainless steel or ceramic bowls tend to be the most convenient, as they are strong, easy to clean, and not susceptible to bacteria. Plastic bowls are prone to smell and scratches, which in turn makes them not easy to keep clean.

If your pooch has a long snout or tends to develop ear Infections, consider a bowl that is positioned at a higher level, which will promote an upright posture and reduce strain on the neck during mealtime.

Moderation and Healthy Options

Treating Your Pup

Treating your pup with the occasional yummy snack or supplement is a nice way to show your love, but moderation is key. Too many extras can lead to an unbalanced diet and health issues. Save a few small treats for special occasions, relying mainly on their regular dog food. If unsure, consult your vet for advice on keeping your furry friend happy and healthy with the right amount of goodies.


The treats can serve as a great tool for training, reinforcing goodness, and tightening the bond with your dog. Nevertheless, you need to keep in mind that moderation is also important as well as the selection of healthy options for treats. Choose products that are low in calories, high in protein, and do not contain artificial additives or preservatives. Some healthy treat options include:

  • Freeze-dried meat or fish treats
  • Dehydrated vegetables (sweet potato, carrot, or green bean chips)
  • Unsalted peanut butter or plain yogurt
  • Wholesome and natural ingredients used in the production of commercially sold confectionery products.

Treats should not form more than 10% of your dog’s daily caloric intake. Provide the treat occasionally and use it as a supplement to their already balanced diet.


How frequently should I feed my dog

In some cases, your vet may suggest you give your dog supplements as a solution to his health problems or just for general wellness. Common supplements for dogs include:

  • Glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health and mobility.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids play a vital role in the skin and coat health of dogs, and also cognitive function.
  • Probiotics for the digestive system and immune system health
  • For dogs who suffer from certain nutritional deficiencies, multivitamins can help to restore the balance of these deficient nutrients.

Make sure to consult your vet whenever you plan to introduce supplements into your dog’s diet because there might be some interactions with drugs or side effects if not used properly.


The common rule for most adult dogs is to have two meals per day, separated by 8-12 hours. Puppies and old dogs may need smaller meals but more often. To determine the right diet for your dog, consult your vet, taking into account your dog’s age and breed.

Absolutely! Combining dry and wet food may give a composite of moisture, texture, and taste that is normally preferred by many dogs. Just remember to adjust the serving sizes to keep you from overfeeding.

Use a puzzle feeder or slow-feeder bowl to provide your dog with a challenge. Such bowls are complete with mazes or hurdles that compel your dog to eat more slowly, aiding digestion and thus, preventing overeating.

Look for visible signs such as no clear waistline, difficulty in feeling the ribs, or excess fat around the belly area. If you are unsure, seek your vet’s advice, who can do the body condition scoring and suggest diet changes if necessary.

Dogs with sensitive stomachs can get relief from the limited-ingredient or hypoallergenic food. Find out from your vet who may be able to prescribe specialized formulas and maybe suggest elimination diet to rule out food intolerances.

No, feeding the dog with cat food is not a good idea because it doesn’t have the needed nutritional balance for their needs. Cat food is usually too high in protein and fat.

Final Words

By the end of the day, feeding your dog is more than just a duty: it’s a way of showing love. You had made it this far, slogging through the whole Feeding dog guide like the ultimate dog-parent hero. Go ahead and give yourself a little pat on the back (and perhaps a reward as well, as you deserve it).

Please, keep in mind that it is you who has the power to ensure a happy and healthy life for your pet, and following these instructions will give them a lifetime of wagging tails and happy adventures. Therefore, keep it up, and rest assured that your dog is more grateful than you can ever know.

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