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The Fascinating World of Maine Coon – America’s Gentle Giants

Majestic Maine Coon

When you think of majestic cats, one breed that often comes to mind is the Maine Coon. The Maine Coon cat has existed in the U.S. since the 1800s and is considered the oldest native cat breed in the U.S.

Rugged and solidly built, the Maine Coon cat is known for its gentle, sweet, well-balanced personality. It holds the second position in terms of popularity, with only the Persian breed surpassing it.

From their origins in the rugged forests of Maine to their rise in popularity as a family, companion, and therapy pet that is great with children and other animals.

The breed was accepted by the CFA on May 1, 1975. Let’s delve into the history of these giant feline companions.

Maine coon chart

Maine Coon History

History of Maine Coon

The origins of the Maine Coon are cloaked in mystery and folklore. A famous story narrates that they are the offspring of domestic cats and raccoons, hence their name “Coon”. Some people believe that Maine Coons have developed naturally in the Northeastern United States.

The most widely accepted theory is that Maine Coons evolved naturally within the rugged climate of New England during the 19th century. The breed evolved to be quite large and hardy, with a thick, shaggy coat. These characteristics were essential for the cats to survive and thrive in the harsh winters of the area.

In the 1860s, F.R. Pierce writes about Maine Coons, having owned several cats of this breed. During the same decade, farmers from Maine organized a competition named the “Maine State Champion Coon Cat.”

The first stud book and breed registry of The Cat Fanciers’ Association in 1908 acknowledge the Maine Coon as a foundational breed, listed under the name “Maine Cats.” Additionally, the International Cat Association recognizes this breed. Notably, the Maine Coon received the honor of being designated as the official state cat of Maine in 1985.

Appearance of Maine Coon

Appearance of Maine Coon

The appearance of the Maine Coon is remarkable and unique, defined by several distinctive features that enhance its majestic allure. The coat of the Maine Coon cat is dense and shaggy with a ruff on the chest.

The breed comes in many different colors and patterns except for chocolate, lavender, and the Himalayan pattern. Some of the famous colors are Brown, Red, Blue, Black, White, Gold, Cream, and Silver.

Maine Coons rank among the largest domestic cat breeds, with males typically weighing between 13 to 18 pounds, while females generally range from 8 to 12 pounds. Some exceptional individuals may exceed these averages, reaching weights of 25 pounds or more.

On average, adult Maine Coons of both genders measure between 10 to 16 inches in height and can reach lengths of up to 38 inches, including their tail, which may extend up to 14 inches in length.

Their large, expressive eyes come in various shades, ranging from gold and green to copper and blue, enhancing their charm and beauty.

Interesting Facts About Maine Coon

Here is the list of some amazing facts about the Maine Coon:

Facts About Maine Coon
  • Maine Coon is the largest domesticated cat breed in the world.
  • Some other famous names for Maine Coon are Coon Cat, American Longhair, American Coon Cat, American Maine Coon, and Maine Cat.
  • Maine Coons are affectionately known as “gentle giants” due to their large size and gentle temperament.
  • They have a distinctive feature of large pointed ears with wispy tufts of hair.
  • They are usually good with children and other pets.
  • Maine Coons are considered one of the oldest natural breeds in North America.
  • Maine Coons enjoy playing with water.
  • It may take up to three to five years to reach full physical and behavioral maturity.

Characteristics of Maine Coon

  • Maine Coons are known for their dog-like nature, being very loyal and friendly with their human companion.
  • They are talkative but not overly loud.
  • They enjoy playing with water or dipping their paws in water bowls.
  • Maine Coons are adaptable to various living environments, including small apartments.
Characteristics of Maine Coon
Activity Level
Affectionate Nature

Nature and Personality of Maine Coon

The personality of the Maine Coon is such that they’re often referred to as the “dogs of the cat world” due to their personality traits, which include loyalty, sociability, playfulness, intelligence and affection.

Personality of Maine Coon

Maine Coons are highly intelligent cats. They are curious by nature and enjoy exploring their surroundings and learning new tricks.

While Maine Coons enjoy human company, they also have an independent nature. They are capable of entertaining themselves and may appreciate having their own space.

Maine Coons are affectionate cats and often want physical contact and attention from their owners. They may enjoy cuddling on the couch or sleeping next to their favorite human.

Maine Coons might feel protective of their human family and home. They might stay alert to strangers or strange noises and may even act as “watchcats” by patrolling their home to keep it safe.

Diet and Nutrition of Maine Coon

Maine Coons require a balanced diet consisting of high-quality cat food that meets their nutritional needs. It’s important to prevent Maine Coon cats from obesity, as they have a heavily built physique. Maine Coons are carnivores and require a diet rich in protein to support their muscle development and overall health.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are essential for maintaining the healthy skin and coat of Maine Coon. They also require an appropriate amount of fats in their diet; too much fat can lead to obesity.

Utilize our Cat Calorie Calculator to determine the precise daily calorie intake ideal for your feline companion.

Diet of Maine Coon

Hydration is essential for maintaining health and a coat, make sure your Maine Coon has access to plenty of fresh water at all times. Staying lean is healthier and essential for Maine Coon.

For advice about feeding options and daily feeding amounts, it’s advisable to consult with your veterinarian or breeder.

Common Health Concerns in Maine Coon

Similar to all breeds, Maine Coon cats have specific health concerns. Here are some common health problems that Maine Coon cats may experience:

Hip Dysplasia: The hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis.

Arthritis: Pain and stiffness in joints.

Obesity: Gain weight if overfed or not given enough exercise.

Allergies: Allergies to environmental triggers, food ingredients, or flea bites, leading to skin problems and discomfort.

Maine Coon health issues

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM): The most common heart disease in cats, involves thickening of the heart muscle.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA): Affects the muscles of the spine, leading to weakness.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD): Causes symptoms like painful urination, blood in the urine, and urinary blockages.

Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease: It’s dental issues, which can lead to tooth loss.
Obstructive HCM: Blockage of blood flow out of the heart.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): Causes the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.

Early detection and timely treatment are essential for effectively managing many of these conditions and ensuring the best possible quality of life for your beloved feline companion. Regular veterinary check-ups, providing a balanced diet, and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of these health issues in Maine Coon cats.

Average Lifespan of Maine Coon

Lifespan of Maine Coon

The average lifespan of a Maine Coon cat typically ranges from 12 to 15 years. However, with proper care, attention to health, and a healthy lifestyle, some Maine Coons can live into their late teens or even early twenties.

Some of the health issues that can impact their lifespan are arthritis, dental health issues, kidney problems, and cancer. Rubble, a Maine Coon, achieved the distinction of being one of the oldest cats on record, reaching the remarkable age of 31 years.

Grooming of Maine Coon

Maine Coon Grooming

Maine Coons require regular brushing to prevent tangling of their fur. They need two to three brushing sessions per week with a stainless steel comb or a slicker brush. Use a gentle cat shampoo and lukewarm water while giving a bath.

Use a pair of cat nail clippers to trim your Maine Coon’s nails and check your cat’s ears regularly for signs of dirt, wax, or infection. Use a damp cotton ball or a veterinarian-recommended ear cleaner to gently wipe the outer part of the ear.

It’s advisable to arrange professional grooming appointments, particularly if your Maine Coon’s fur becomes severely tangled or matted.

Scientific Classification of Maine Coon

Scientific Name
Felis catus

Pros and Cons of Having a Maine Coon

Calm and relaxed
Not a lap cat
Affectionate and entertaining
Coat requires weekly brushing and combing.
Gets along well with kids and other animals.
Doesn’t do well when left alone for long periods of time.

Here are some pros and cons of having a Maine Coon as a pet:


  • Calm and relaxed.
  • Affectionate and entertaining.
  • Gets along well with kids and other animals.


  • Not a lap cat.
  • Coat requires weekly brushing and combing.
  • Doesn’t do well when left alone for long periods of time.


The average price of a Maine Coon kitten from a reputable breeder can range from $800 to $2000 or more. While, adoption fees for Maine Coons from shelters or rescue organizations are typically lower, ranging from $100 to $500.

Maine Coons originated in the state of Maine, United States, and are considered one of the oldest natural breeds in North America.

Maine Coons are Omnivores, it means they eat both plants and other animals.

Maine Coons typically have an average litter size of 5 kittens.

The average lifespan of a Maine Coon cat typically ranges from 12 to 15 years.

Maine Coon cats can be kept as indoor cats, while some enjoy outdoor time.

The cost of a Maine Coon in the United States may range from $1000 to $2000.

Final Words

The Maine Coon cat is distinguished as a remarkable breed, renowned for its majestic appearance, gentle disposition, and high intelligence. They are friendly, kind, and steady in temperament, which makes them wonderful companions. Majestic Beauty With Gentle Heart.

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